Operation Paperclip: When The CIA Recruited Nazis And War Criminals To Work For The U.S. Government
Project Paperclip: CIA Smuggled In And Hired Thousands Of Nazis And Hundreds of War Criminals To Develop And Set Off Nuclear Atom Bombs On US Soil, US Corporations Built And Supported Hitler War Machine
by Dr. Good Heart
A Green Road Journal
Project Paper Clip; CIA Smuggled In And Hired Thousands Of Nazis And Hundreds of War Criminals To Develop And Set Off Nuclear Atom Bombs On US Soil, US Corporations Built And Supported Hitler War Machine
CIA PROVIDES DECLASSIFIED INFORMATION ABOUT PROJECT PAPERCLIP
SEPTEMBER 14, 2016
In 1945, Gehlen surrendered to The Army Counter Intelligence Corp (CIC), and upon interrogation, he offered up his files and network of spies to the United States in exchange for his freedom. The files were dug up, his men in the Allied POW camps were transferred, and he was flown to Fort Hunt in Virginia in secret. It was there that a deal was hammered out for Gehlen to return to Germany, re-establish his intelligence network, and serve the United States Government. Thus the Gehlen Organization was born.
The Gehlen Organization, or the “Org” as it was referred to, was then grafted on to the fledgling CIA at its creation in 1947, and it was often the only eyes and ears on the ground in many Soviet bloc countries after the war. It was through the Gehlen Organization that many hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of SS, SD, and Gestapo men came to work for the United States Government. It was the intelligence reports from these Nazi men, that wound up comprising an estimated 70% of all U.S. intelligence on the Soviet Union during the early part of the Cold War.
In 1956, the Org was handed over to West Germany and Gehlen became the first President of the Federal Intelligence Service (BND). He held this post until 1968 before being forced out due to a combination of factors. At his retirement he received one of the highest civilian grade pensions from the West German Republic, and allegedly, a pension from the CIA…
Files hosted on Archive.org
Operation Paperclip was theUnited States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) program in which more than 1,500 Germans, primarily scientists but also engineers and technicians, were brought to the United States from Nazi Germany for government employment starting in 1945 and increasing in the aftermath of World War II. It was conducted by the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) and in the context of the burgeoning Cold War.
One purpose of Operation Paperclip was to deny German scientific expertise and knowledge to the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, as well as to inhibit post-war Germany from redeveloping its military research capabilities. A related course of action was taken by the US with regard to Japanese human experimenters employed from Unit 731. The Soviet Union had the somewhat similar yet much more limited Operation Osoaviakhim.
The JIOA’s recruitment of German scientists began after the Allied victory in Europe on May 8, 1945, but U.S. President Harry Truman did not formally order the execution of Operation Paperclip until August 1945. Truman’s order expressly excluded anyone found “to have been a member of the Nazi Party, and more than a nominal participant in its activities, or an active supporter of Nazi militarism.” However, those restrictions would have rendered ineligible most of the leading scientists whom the JIOA had identified for recruitment, among them rocket scientists Wernher von Braun, Kurt H. Debus, and Arthur Rudolph, as well as physician Hubertus Strughold, each earlier classified as a “menace to the security of the Allied Forces.”
The JIOA worked independently to circumvent President Truman’s anti-Nazi order and the Allied Potsdam and Yalta agreements, creating false employment and political biographies for the scientists. The JIOA also expunged the scientists’ Nazi Party memberships and regime affiliations from the public record. Once “bleached” of their Nazism, the scientists were grantedsecurity clearances by the U.S. government to work in the United States. The project’s operational name of Paperclip was derived from the paperclips used to attach the scientists’ new political personae to their “US Government Scientist” JIOA personnel files.
Nazi Germany found itself at a logistical disadvantage, having failed to conquer the USSR with Operation Barbarossa (June–December 1941), the Siege of Leningrad (September 1941 – January 1944), Operation Nordlicht (“Northern Light”, August–October 1942), and the Battle of Stalingrad (July 1942 – February 1943). The failed conquest had depleted German resources, and its military-industrial complex was unprepared to defend the Großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) against the Red Army‘s westward counterattack. By early 1943, the German government began recalling from combat a number of scientists, engineers, and technicians; they returned to work in research and development to bolster German defense for a protracted war with the USSR. The recall from frontline combat included 4,000 rocketeers returned to Peenemünde, in northeast coastal Germany.
Overnight, Ph.D.s were liberated from KP duty, masters of science were recalled from orderly service, mathematicians were hauled out of bakeries, and precision mechanics ceased to be truck drivers.
— Dieter K. Huzel, Peenemünde to Canaveral
The Nazi government’s recall of their now-useful intellectuals for scientific work first required identifying and locating the scientists, engineers, and technicians, then ascertaining their political and ideological reliability. Werner Osenberg, the engineer-scientist heading the Wehrforschungsgemeinschaft (Military Research Association), recorded the names of the politically cleared men to the Osenberg List, thus reinstating them to scientific work.
In March 1945, at Bonn University, a Polish laboratory technician found pieces of the Osenberg List stuffed in a toilet; the list subsequently reached MI6, who transmitted it to U.S. Intelligence. Then U.S. Army Major Robert B. Staver, Chief of the Jet Propulsion Section of the Research and Intelligence Branch of the U.S. Army Ordnance Corps, used the Osenberg List to compile his list of German scientists to be captured and interrogated;Wernher von Braun, Nazi Germany’s premier rocket scientist, headed Major Staver’s list.
V-2 rocket launching, Peenemünde, on the north-east Baltic German coast. (1943)In Operation Overcast, Major Staver’s original intent was only to interview the scientists, but what he learned changed the operation’s purpose. On May 22, 1945, he transmitted to U.S. Pentagon headquarters Colonel Joel Holmes’s telegram urging the evacuation of German scientists and their families, as most “important for [the] Pacific war” effort. Most of the Osenberg List engineers worked at the Baltic coast German Army Research Center Peenemünde, developing the V-2 rocket. After capturing them, the Allies initially housed them and their families in Landshut, Bavaria, in southern Germany.Beginning on July 19, 1945, the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) managed the captured ARC rocketeers under Operation Overcast. However, when the “Camp Overcast” name of the scientists’ quarters became locally-known, the program was renamed Operation Paperclip in November 1945. Despite these attempts at secrecy, later that year the press interviewed several of the scientists.Regarding Operation Alsos, Allied Intelligence described nuclear physicist Werner Heisenberg, the German nuclear energy project principal, as “worth more to us than ten divisions of Germans.” In addition to rocketeers and nuclear physicists, the Allies also sought chemists, physicians, and naval weaponeers.Meanwhile, the Technical Director of the German Army Rocket Center, Wernher von Braun, was jailed at P.O. Box 1142, a military-intelligence black site in Fort Hunt, Virginia, in the United States. Since the prison was unknown to the international community, its operation by the US was in violation of the Geneva Convention of 1929, which the United States had ratified. Although Von Braun’s interrogators pressured him, he was not tortured; however, in 1944 another prisoner of war, U-boat Captain Werner Henke, had been shot and killed while climbing the fence at Fort Hunt.
The Allied zones of occupation in post-war Germany, highlighting the Soviet zone (red), the inner German border (heavy black line) and the zone from which British and American troops withdrew in July 1945 (purple). The provincial boundaries are those of Nazi Germany, before the present Länder (federal states) were established.Early on, the United States created the Combined Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee (CIOS). This provided the information on targets for the T-Forces that went in and targeted scientific, military and industrial installations (and their employees) for their know-how. Initial priorities were advanced technology, such as infrared, that could be used in the war against Japan; finding out what technology had been passed on to Japan; and finally to halt the research.
A project to halt the research was codenamed “Project Safehaven”, and it was not initially targeted against the Soviet Union; rather the concern was that German scientists might emigrate and continue their research in countries such as Spain, Argentina or Egypt, all of which had sympathized with Nazi Germany. In order to avoid the complications involved with the emigration of German scientists, the CIOS was responsible for scouting and kidnapping high profile individuals for the deprivation of technological advancements in nations outside of the US.
Much U.S. effort was focused on Saxony and Thuringia, which by July 1, 1945, would become part of the Soviet Occupation zone. Many German research facilities and personnel had been evacuated to these states, particularly from the Berlin area. Fearing that the Soviet takeover would limit U.S. ability to exploit German scientific and technical expertise, and not wanting the Soviet Union to benefit from said expertise, the United States instigated an “evacuation operation” of scientific personnel from Saxony and Thuringia, issuing orders such as:
On orders of Military Government you are to report with your family and baggage as much as you can carry tomorrow noon at 1300 hours (Friday, 22 June 1945) at the town square in Bitterfeld. There is no need to bring winter clothing. Easily carried possessions, such as family documents, jewelry, and the like should be taken along. You will be transported by motor vehicle to the nearest railway station. From there you will travel on to the West. Please tell the bearer of this letter how large your family is.
By 1947 this evacuation operation had netted an estimated 1,800 technicians and scientists, along with 3,700 family members. Those with special skills or knowledge were taken to detention and interrogation centers, such as one code-named DUSTBIN, to be held and interrogated, in some cases for months.
A few of the scientists were gathered up in Operation Overcast, but most were transported to villages in the countryside where there were neither research facilities nor work; they were provided stipends and forced to report twice weekly to police headquarters to prevent them from leaving. The Joint Chiefs of Staff directive on research and teaching stated that technicians and scientists should be released “only after all interested agencies were satisfied that all desired intelligence information had been obtained from them”.
On November 5, 1947, the Office of Military Government of the United States (OMGUS), which had jurisdiction over the western part of occupied Germany, held a conference to consider the status of the evacuees, the monetary claims that the evacuees had filed against the United States, and the “possible violation by the US of laws of war or Rules of Land Warfare”.
The OMGUS director of Intelligence R. L. Walsh initiated a program to resettle the evacuees in the Third World, which the Germans referred to as General Walsh’s “Urwald-Programm” (jungle program), however this program never matured. In 1948, the evacuees received settlements of 69.5 million Reichsmarks from the U.S., a settlement that soon became severely devalued during the currency reform that introduced the Deutsche Mark as the official currency of western Germany.
John Gimbel concludes that the United States put some of Germany’s best minds on ice for three years, therefore depriving the German recovery of their expertise.
German scientists and engineers repatriated from Sukhumi in February 1958. (see Forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union)In May 1945, the U.S. Navy “received in custody” Dr. Herbert A. Wagner, the inventor of the Hs 293 missile; for two years, he first worked at the Special Devices Center, at Castle Gould and at Hempstead House, Long Island, New York; in 1947, he moved to the Naval Air Station Point Mugu. In August 1945, Colonel Holger Toftoy, head of the Rocket Branch of the Research and Development Division of the U.S. Army’s Ordnance Corps, offered initial one-year contracts to the rocket scientists; 127 of them accepted. In September 1945, the first group of seven rocket scientists (aerospace engineers) arrived at Fort Strong, located on Long Island in Boston harbor:Wernher von Braun, Erich W. Neubert, Theodor A. Poppel, August Schulze, Eberhard Rees, Wilhelm Jungert, and Walter Schwidetzky. Beginning in late 1945, three rocket-scientist groups arrived in the United States for duty at Fort Bliss, Texas, and atWhite Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico, as “War Department Special Employees”.:27In 1946, the United States Bureau of Mines employed seven German synthetic fuel scientists at a Fischer-Tropsch chemical plant in Louisiana, Missouri.
In early 1950, legal U.S. residency for some of the Project Paperclip specialists was effected through the U.S. consulate in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico; thus, Nazi scientists legally entered the United States from Latin America.:226
The United States Army Signal Corps employed 24 specialists – including the physicists Georg Goubau, Gunter Guttwein, Georg Hass, Horst Kedesdy, and Kurt Lehovec; the physical chemists Rudolf Brill, Ernst Baars, and Eberhard Both; the geophysicist Helmut Weickmann; the optician Gerhard Schwesinger; and the engineers Eduard Gerber, Richard Guenther, and Hans Ziegler.
In 1959, 94 Operation Paperclip men went to the United States, including Friedwardt Winterberg and Friedrich Wigand. Throughout its operations to 1990, Operation Paperclip imported 1,600 men, as part of the intellectual reparations owed to the United States and the UK, some $10 billion in patents and industrial processes.
During the decades after they were included in Operation Paperclip, some scientists were investigated because of their activities during World War II. Arthur Rudolph was deported in 1984, but not prosecuted, and West Germany granted him citizenship.
APPLEPIE: Project to capture and interrogate key Wehrmacht, RSHA AMT VI, and General Staff officers knowledgeable of the industry and economy of the USSR.
CIA OPERATION PAPERCLIP VIDEO
VIDEO: http://youtu.be/mPxGA11hcMU 44 min.
4,000 NAZI’S WENT TO WORK FOR US GOVERNMENT AFTER WWII
Many Nazis, some of whom committed war atrocities, such as overseeing death camps, were imported into the USA. The US government was willing to hide those Nazi secrets and their ID’s from Americans. The US government was willing to hire and pay money to anyone who had what they wanted, such as nuclear information. Thousands of 110% Nazi’s were imported into the USA after the end of World War II. What effect did the importation of these radical individuals have on the US, and on the for profit military industrial complex?
AMERICA’S NAZI SECRET AND THE TWO CIA’S IN THE US, ONE FOR THE REPUBLICANS AND ANOTHER FOR THE DEMOCRATS, HISTORICALLY AND TODAY
VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-fM7i2GW0k 56 min.
MEMBERS OF SS JOINED US MILITARY VIA CIA AFTER WORLD WAR II
A Top Secret program called Project Paper Clip was put into effect after WWII by the CIA. War criminals were supposed to be avoided and excluded from this super secret nuclear information import of Nazis into this US program. But when most of the Nazi scientists and other experts failed this war criminals test, the CIA recruiters simply falsified the Nazi’s files and sent those to the State Dept. urging them to hire these criminals, just so that the Soviets could not have them.
CIA-NAZIS: TERROR AND MURDER INCORPORATED
For more on this, read; http://club5150.com/cia-nazis-terror-murder/
BRITISH BANKERS AND HO– USE OF WINDSOR, UK ROYALTY BACKED HITLER AND HIS RACIST BELIEF SYSTEM
100 US CORPORATIONS BUILT UP AND SUPPLIED THE HITLER WAR MACHINE; VIDEO OF TEN AMERICAN COMPANIES THAT AIDED HITLER AND HELPED HIM INVADE OTHER COUNTRIES
Hitler Financed, Supplied By 100 US Corporations; Coca Cola, Metro Goldwyn Mayer, Chase Manhattan Bank, Dow Chemical, Brown Brothers Harriman, Woolworth, Alcoa, Ford, GM, IBM, Standard Oil, BBH Prescott Bush
Top 10 American Companies that Aided the Nazis — TopTenzNet
VIDEO http://youtu.be/AojiX7QFuxM 8 min.
DOCUMENTARY; HITLERS AMERICAN BUSINESS PARTNERS WERE FUNDAMENTAL TO HITLER HAVING THE SUCCESS THAT HE DID, AND HE COULD NOT HAVE DONE WHAT HE DID WITHOUT THESE CORPORATIONS HELP, FINANCING AND SUPPORT
Hitler’s American Business Partners
VIDEO: http://youtu.be/SMKnH2BlkBA 45 min.
TRADING WITH THE ENEMY; THE BUSH DYNASTY WAS DEEPLY INVOLVED IN SUPPORTING THE NAZI FASCIST WAR MACHINE, JUST AS MODERN DAY PRESIDENT BUSH HAD DEEP TIES TO THE DICTATORIAL SAUDI REGIME, LINKED TO 9/11
The Oligarchical Bush Family of Generational Treason
VIDEO: http://youtu.be/a4jrv71ZfgA 45 min.
The Oligarchical Bush Family of Generational Treason from the Nazi SS and Adolf Hitler to Osama bin Laden. The journalist in this video is providing factually true evidence. The oligarchical Bush family of generational treason reaching back to the namesake of the two Bush presidents, George Herbert Walker. The way we do anything is the way we do everything.
WHAT WILL THE LONG TERM CONSEQUENCES BE, OF DEVELOPING AND BUILDING NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN EVERY COUNTRY GLOBALLY?
Isn’t the US acting much like the Nazis did, in a way that mimics their actions of global militarism and global conquest? The US has thousands of military bases all around the world. The US often expresses it’s power in a way that does not lead to healthy democracy in the country touched by that power.
ONE CONSEQUENCE: DECEPTION, SECRECY AND CORRUPTION INSIDE THE CIA, MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
STUDY EXPLAINS HOW RELIGION, SCIENCE AND MEDICINE CAN BE PERVERTED AND CORRUPTED; IT IS REALLY EASY TO DO AND TO PULL IT OFF SUCCESSFULLY FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME
WHY ALL NUCLEAR PLANTS NEED TO BE SHUT DOWN AND DISMANTLED
Hitler rose to power with the help of bankers and corporations from the US and the UK. He could not have built up his huge war machine except with their help and support. This support continued on even into the days AFTER the US and UK declared war on Germany. Corporations and bankers do not care who wins or loses in war, and they make sure that they make a PROFIT off of both sides. War is very profitable, much more so than ordinary commerce. For the same reason, bankers are also involved in drug money laundering, because it is VERY PROFITABLE.
The appearance of freedom and democracy is maintained on the surface, so that people can believe in something. Meanwhile, underneath, these very dark forces intent on destruction, killing, suffering, racism, and profit are holding all of the reigns of power. The 1 percent manipulate the news, events, and create false flag attacks if needed, in order to start wars that they then profit from, ON BOTH SIDES.
Medical doctors, Christian churches and psychiatrists were all perverted and corrupted, allowing Nazism to flourish in Germany. They are all vulnerable to abuse, misuse and corruption, especially when lots of money is involved, as it is today. The fact is that Nazism or Fascism is not an isolated extreme example, but rather, it is a common place, every day thing that happens all around the world, especially in countries where huge corporate monopolies exert huge financial, political and mass media pressure on every profession and every community.
The Science Of Sustainable Health needs to be taught in all schools, from grade school to college and graduate universities. The consequence of not doing this is the extinction of the human race, as it races towards doom, imposed by short term PROFIT thinking with no thoughts regarding consequences of actions taken in haste and only for money.
The American Indians believed that anyone who had greed/short term profit as a motivation in life was mentally ill, and they were right.